The Investment Behind Slaves

When thinking of human trafficking, I never once considered buying a person an investment. Not only is slavery illegal, but it is morally wrong and any person with a conscious would realize that. That being said, in the eyes of people without a conscious, slave are a huge investment, making those that buy them a significant amount of money. According to Siddharth Kara’s article on Supply and Demand: Human Trafficking in the Global Economy, a slave can be bought for $420 from a pimp. These slaves will then
generate 300-500 percent in annual return on investment. The percent of annual return depends on the industry, but looking at the numbers, slave are a good investment. In a world where consequences for human trafficking are minimal, buyers really have no risk by being involved in human trafficking. How can we combat human trafficking when people all over the world are being rewarded for their investment?

The incentive behind human trafficking needs to be diminished. It’s just like drugs. Drug dealers make thousands off of selling drugs. Why would they stop if they can make more selling drugs than working at some random place? Traffickers mindsets are the same. They make money with little consequences if they get caught. Without the incentive of money, there would be little demand for human trafficking to exist. I do not know how to change the incentive. I cannot think of a way to make coffee farmers lose money from free labor or the pimp lose money from selling people like they are just a piece of property. The demand for trafficking is through the roof and needs to be decreased, but from the looks of the numbers, labor trafficking will continually be in demand if their owners make 300-500 percent in annual return. The consequences of human trafficking must be increased, while finding a way to persecute more traffickers and those who own slaves. If the authorities cannot find the traffickers, an increase in consequences will not have a huge effect on the demand for human trafficking.

As I looked at the numbers behind human trafficking, I could not help but thinking “well of course people will be involved in trafficking.” Trafficking provides a HUGE profit for pimps and those that buy people for labor. Unfortunately, the huge profit leads to the huge demand. It is a never ending cycle of buyers and sellers looking for money. Until the profit involving human trafficking is demolished, trafficking will continue on.

Human Trafficking and the Super Bowl

When one thinks of the Super Bowl, human trafficking is not the first thing that comes to mind. Football, commercials, partying are much more likely to be connected with the Super Bowl, but to the shock of many people, the Super Bowl is one of the largest human trafficking events in the country. Ab4a9e603263727d8cc5b915927d7a65eccording to Deseret News, the Super Bowl in 2010 brought in 10,000 prostitutes, many trafficking victim, and in 2011, 133 people were arrested for sex with minors. In the ten days surrounding the big game, the adds for sex trafficking victims spike. Thousands of adds are posted, yet there is no way for police to respond to all of them.

At Super Bowl 50 last week, at least 30 arrests for so alleged solicitation were made and more than 40 possible human trafficking victims were discovered. One person caught in the sting was the Denver Broncos safety Ryan Murphy. Shocking… The Santa Clara Country Sheriff’s Office was preparing for this0201opedshi-blog427 event and increased their efforts to root out human trafficking and prostitution around the Super Bowl. The year before, almost 600 arrests were made and 68 victims were rescued following a sting centered around the Super Bowl.

The data within the article involving the number of arrests and victims saved was valid because they received the data from the police based on arrests made involving human trafficking, but the data surrounding the number of adds cannot be 100% trusted. Since human trafficking is illegal, it is hard to quantify the sheer amount of human trafficking occurring. It is just impossible to ask every pimp how many victims he or she may have. Unfortunately if the data on the adds is correct, the 40 victims found is only
around 4% of the adds posted all over prior to the Super Bowl. I find the data revolting. It makes sense that pimps will bring their property to a very large event to be sold. They want to make money. Money is everything and they will get money at the Super Bowl, especially considering Super Bowl tickets cost thousands of dollars. If people can afford that, they can afford any victim they want.

As I find more and more data surrounding the epidemic of human trafficking, the more research I want to do, but how? It will be hard. It will be tiresome. It needs to be done. The little statistics known on human trafficking are repulsive. I cannot imagine the sheer disgust found when all encompassing data is found surrounding human trafficking. Hopefully as more data arises, more people start to notice the epidemic and will try to help make a change in the world of human trafficking. Human trafficking is like drugs. The pimp is the drug dealer and the victims are the drugs. The pimps make millions. It is a lucrative field, but it is illegal. It is diminishing to victims. It needs to be stopped.

Could Legalizing Prostitution Reduce HIV?

I posted on legalizing prostitution last week, but in a different context of the possibility of decreasing human trafficking. Based on the data in that post, legalizing prostitution will not decrease human trafficking, but will it decrease the transmission of HIV? HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and is transmitted through body fluids such as semen, blood, vaginal and anal fluids, and breast milk. Although HIV cannot 100% be cured, if diagnosed early an antiretroviral treatment can be used to give an individual a fairly normal and heprajwala1-previewalthy life. So how is HIV connected to prostitution?

HIV is commonly spread through sex without a condom, a common practice within the world of prostitution. According to the Huffington Post, only about 55 % of sex workers use condoms on all of their clients. Many of the sex workers interviewed also stated that their clients may become  violent or bribe them with a higher price if the use of a condom is suggested. In a study done in Canada, India, and Kenya, they found that HIV infections decreased between 33 and 46 % in countries where prostitution was legal.

When this study was done in 2014, India was the only country of the three to have legal prostitution. Although prostitution in India is legal, the law does not criminalize prostitutes, but does punish third parties that facilitate prostitution. Assuming that the data provided by the study is accurate, that would mean that the rates of HIV infection within prostitutes in India were 33 to 46 % less than that of prostitutes in Canada and Kenya. Although it seems logical that prostitutes in countries where prostitution is legal tend to use protection because they do not have to rush in order to dodge law enforcement, the Huffington Post article does not have a direct link to where they obtained the data. I wanted to look at the data to try understand how they obtained their data, but I could not find it. This lack of background information on the data makes me hesitant to believe the data or strongly agree that legalizing prostitution will decrease HIV. Like in many studies surrounding prostitution and illegal sex work, more information is needed.

I wanted to do this post on human trafficking and the rates of STIs and pregnancies within the illegal trade. As I tried to find data on the topic, there were very few studies or numbers on the topic. Like many of the articles I found, I was assuming the rates of STIs were very high within the industry, but I wanted to see specific numbedollarphotoclub_70130990rs. There weren’t many. The lack of number emphasizes the difficulty in obtaining accurate data surrounding human trafficking. After searching for almost an hour, I decided to look into STIs surrounding prostitution which has many links to human trafficking. There was not much data on prostitution either, but there was enough to look at articles and see the data surrounding the topic. Ultimately, more research needs to be done in regards to the sex work industry, legal and illegal. I still don’t believe prostitution should be legal, but I hope that the more data available, the more people will know about prostitution. The more people know, the closer we can come to eliminating sex work.

 

Legalizing Prostitution=Decrease in Human Trafficking?

Prostitution. Prostitution is known as the practice of engaging in sexual activity for money. In many countries, prostitution is illegal, but that does not stop it from occurring. Anyone can go anywhere and find a prostitute. Unfortunately, many prostitutes are forced into their occupation by a pimp, but there are also many that want to do it. Some women argue that prostitution gettyimages-460601008is empowering and gives them the ability to do what they want with their body when they want. Personally, standing on a corner and having sex with random men that could potentially kill me just does not sound empowering, but that’s just me. The link between prostitution and human trafficking is highly debated. Some believe legalizing prostitution will decrease human trafficking because people will choose the legal option along with providing a safer environment for prostitutes while others argue that legalizing prostitution will fuel the demand for human trafficking.

Thanks to the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, and different states in Australia, data on whether legalizing prostitution decreases rates of human trafficking is available. All of the places above have either legalized or decriminalized prostitution. Though prostitution is legal, specific regulations on the sex industry were prostitution-legal-supreme-courtimplemented. After years of legal prostitution, not one of the countries reported a decrease in human trafficking or illegal prostitution according to Equality Now. In fact, many reported that the new laws made it more difficult to prosecute those involved in trafficking or go into brothels and search for trafficked victims. Equality Now reported, “In 2009 the University of Queensland found that an estimated 90% of the commercial sex industry existed outside the legal sex industry as “illegal forms of prostitution cater for a demand that is not met by the legal industry.” Ultimately, there was not a notable decrease in human trafficking. There was still a demand for underage children. Pimps were still around. If anything, there was more trafficking that was going undetected. Prostitutes were still put in situations they did not want to be in and they were not free to do what they wanted Prostitutes in windows in Red Light District in Amsterdam The Netherlandsto do.

Looking at the data presented by Equality Now and many of the articles I looked at on the topic, there is not much data. There are many statements saying that legalizing prostitution did not decrease human trafficking, but the numbers were not always there. That being said, much of the data available came from credible sources such as the University of Queensland. Once again, finding specific data on human trafficking is scarce. It is hard to find the data online and even harder to be the person having to come up with the data.

So what does this data mean? Why is it important? Who cares? Well.. first off, legalizing prostitution does not seem to have a positive affect on anyone involved. Therefore, prostitution should not be legalized in the United States, not like it ever would be, but now there’s data to show it will not help anything. And second off, more data on human trafficking must be collected. I know that is not an easy task, but with little data, the topic can be highly debated with people on both sides saying it happens all the time and others saying it never happens and the numbers available are skewed. Personally, I want to see human trafficking taken down. Demolished. Never to be seen again. Probably not a very realistic goal, but it is obvious that legalizing prostitution will not aid in the efforts to decrease human trafficking. Something else needs to be done. What may that be? I really do not know, but the more I learn, the more I can help.

Atlanta-A human trafficking hub?

Human trafficking happens everywhere. Big cities, small towns, or anywhere you can imagine. Any person, at any time, can find a victim they can buy by simply searching the Internet. Some random person can fly into a town at 5 pm, buy a young girl from their pimp, and be out of town by 8 pm. It’s so easy, yet why would anyone morally pay to have sex with a child? I don’t have an answer for that. To me it is disgusting.

The question of why people traffic innocent people is a little easier to answer. Money. Money. Money. CNN‘s article on human trafficking centered around human trafficking within Atlanta, Georgia. The article used credible data  from the Urban Institute and the National Human Trafficking Resource Center. With a price tag on each victim, a pimp makes money off of selling innocent people to random strangers. According to the article,the sex industry in Atlanta alone brings in$290 million a year with some pimps making more than $32,ooo a week. That’s $4,571.43 a day and $1,668,571 a year. That’s more
money than most people dream of as they work their legal, 9-5 job to support their family. Atlanta is a big city. People partynightly, fly in and out for various things, there are hotels everywhere, making Atlanta a prime location for pimps to make the most money.

As most people would, the CNN article has a bias towards the victims of human trafficking. From the first hand story of a victim to the title “Victim’s, not prostitutes,” the article obviously sympathizes with the victims, but whowouldn’t? AnyoneStop Human Trafficking Graphicthat thinks beyond money and continually monitors the rightand wrong aspect of their actions would sympathize with the victims. Although there was a bias, the bias did not effect the data stated within the article. Human trafficking is a multimillion dollar illegal practice around the world. It needs to be stopped. Be aware. Share your knowledge. End human trafficking.

 

 

 

*Images from the FBI on Human Trafficking and Project Set Me Free

What’s in your backyard?

Human trafficking…Many times when one thinks of human trafficking their mind races to third world countries. The thought process that human trafficking doesn’t occur in the United States is ever so common, but slowing awareness on the subject is growing. From labor trafficking to sex trafficking, human trafficking occurs every single day and it may be right in your backyard. According to the Polaris Project, there are about 27 million people in modern slavery across the world.  In the United States, between 100,000 and 300,000 children alone are prostituted in the United States. This data does not include labor trafficking of minors or any trafficking with adults. On average girls enter prostitution between the ages of 12 and 14 and boys enter between the ages of 11 and 13. What if this was your son or daughter?

Unfortunately, statistics on human trafficking are scarce causing difficulties in finding accurate information on the topic. What if those 1,078 youth in Ohio trafficked every year were really 5,000 from lack of data? Because there is little data, the statistics given fail to emphasize the full magnitude of human trafficking in the world. The scarce data surrounding human trafficking already depicts an immensely sad world of human trafficking. 27 million people trafficked around the world. 27 million people that are owned. 27 million people that have no way out. Imagine being owned by some pimp or completely disrespected by people day in and day out as one more person pays your pimp to use you for sex. As more and more data on human trafficking emerges, the United States and the rest of the world will need to increase awareness and continue to prosecute pimps in order to decrease the amount of trafficking around the world. No human deserves to be trafficked. It is happening everywhere. Be aware. Share your knowledge. End human trafficking.